Aug – Sept 2019
Global air freight volumes and yields have been in retreat for some months now in most major markets, falling back close to their levels in early 2017 – with a few notable exceptions such as traffic from East Africa, Northern Europe, North Africa and Central Asia, and particular growth markets such as Vietnam. The overall air freight contraction accompanies a slowdown in world trade growth, as trade and geopolitical tensions undermine global economic confidence. It’s a familiar pattern; and as history has shown, air freight demand will bounce back, probably in a year or so, when international confidence and stronger trade growth returns, triggering a fresh wave of restocking.
One question often asked is whether investments in air freight modernisation will continue in these leaner times. But with air freight finally beginning to see some sustained investment in and benefits from digitalisation, that momentum is surely unstoppable this time. That’s likely to be true for digital quotation and booking tools as well as ULD tracking technology and air cargo community data-sharing initiatives.
It is certainly seen as inevitable among major freight forwarders (page 47), including creating far greater transparency of freight rates – a trend forcing logistics players to be more efficient. That is likely to have implications all through the air freight chain.
The investment momentum has only fairly recently got started at some US airports (page 14), which have belatedly loosened the purse strings after seeing a sustained demand recovery in the last few years. Initiatives to create airport cargo communities are finally on the agenda there, as are facility upgrades and customs facilitation projects to ease and speed e-commerce traffic flows.
As an excellent discussion at this year’s Air Cargo Europe (page 4) highlighted, investment in automation is essential for some airports and cargo handlers – to deal with growing volumes and limited space, or staffing shortfalls. Although highly ambitious automation projects are planned, such as DWC’s underground cargo network and Frankfurt’s autonomous vehicle research project, in the meantime there are lots of other areas where new technology and process improvements can bring significant efficiency improvements. And in the short to medium term, some see significant scope from wearable technologies and other already available tools to optimise human performance in the air cargo handling environment.
Meanwhile, the excellent Pharma.Aero initiative (page 34) pushes on, demonstrating that end-to-end collaborative data sharing can be done across the fragmented air freight chain – when customers are motivated to participate – building on industry initiatives such as Cargo iQ and IATA’s One Record.
The project promises lessons for the whole sector – thanks to the association’s open approach to sharing best practice. It’s a commendable attitude and an initiative worthy of attention and support.
Featured in this issue
Next-level cargo handling
Air freight frontrunners are exploring various game-changing technology options involving automation and robotics – as well as short-term and mid-term gains from optimising the human in the warehous...Read More
A growing number of US airports are investing in improving facilities and processes and exploring cargo community systems and expedited customs clearance schemes, to facilitate cargo flows and stimula...Read More
Outsize carriers need airports to give them plenty of space, competent handling, and the operational flexibility their customers need, Antonov Airlines’ Graham Witton tells Will Waters After grow...Read More
The latest results of Pharma.Aero’s air logistics data sharing initiative promise significant benefits for pharma shippers – and the wider air freight and logistics sectors, reports Will Waters ...Read More
Using artificial intelligence to anticipate events like a shipment failing its delivery time would improve air freight services significantly and offer a competitive advantage, William Hayes reports ...Read More
Increasing transparency, including of freight pricing, is inevitable – which is good for shippers and forcing logistics companies to become more efficient, says Ivo Aris, vice president of CH Robins...Read More
The ‘safety belt’ of cargo
The incorrect cargo restraint issues that led to crashes by Fine Air and National Air Cargo aircraft are as prevalent as ever and likely to cause further accidents unless more attention is given to ha...Read More